Addison's Disease in Dogs

Image of a Newfoundland dog, a breed which has a higher chance of exhibiting Addison's.

Addison's disease is an endocrine disorder where the adrenal glands, near the kidneys, fail to produce enough hormones. This disease is relatively uncommon (approximately one case per 3000 dogs) but it is more common in dogs than humans. It is very rare in cats.

The common symptoms of Addison's are lethargy, occasional vomiting or diarrhea, weakness, low body temperature, low heart rate, and shaking. The symptoms are often vague, may be intermittent, and can be attributed to many other causes. The problem is probably under-diagnosed; the doctor must have a high degree of clinical suspicion. The disease can be fatal if left untreated.

Addison's usually affects young to middle-aged dogs, but can occur in any age. About seventy percent of cases are female. Some breeds are more likely to be affected: Great Danes, Newfoundlands, Portuguese Waterdogs, Rottweilers, German Shepherds, Westies, Wheaten Terriers, Springer Spaniels, but the breeds with the highest rates are Standard Poodles, Leonbergers, and Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers.

A regular blood profile may have changes that suggest Addison's, especially certain alterations in the electrolytes. The specific test for the disease is an ACTH stimulation blood test. This test involves two blood draws, one before, and one an hour after an injection of a drug named Cortrosyn. Both of these samples are sent to the reference lab, and the results are compared to one another. A normal animal will respond to the Cortrosyn by a big increase compared to the first sample. An Addisonian animal will not have an increase.

Treatment is either with an oral daily drug, Florinef, or an injectable drug, Percorten, that is given every 25 days. Most veterinarians use Percorten now as it provides better, smoother control of the disease, and does not rely on owner memory and compliance every day. A version of the disease called atypical Addison's may need only oral prednisone. Talk to your veterinarian if you have any concerns about your pet's health.

Location

Find us on the map

Office Hours

Highlands Animal Hospital

Monday:

7:00 am-10:00 pm

Doctors On 8:00am to 8:00pm

Tuesday:

7:00 am-10:00 pm

Doctors On 8:00am to 8:00pm

Wednesday:

7:00 am-10:00 pm

Doctors On 8:00am to 8:00pm

Thursday:

7:00 am-10:00 pm

Doctors On 8:00am to 8:00pm

Friday:

7:00 am-10:00 pm

Doctors On 8:00am to 8:00pm

Saturday:

7:00 am-10:00 pm

Doctors On 8:00am to 8:00pm

Sunday:

7:00 am-10:00 pm

Doctors On 8:00am to 8:00pm

Testimonials

Reviews By Our Satisfied Patients

  • "Highlands has always been amazing! The front office staff, the vet techs and the physicians have absolutely been incredible. We take our dog( Bella) and our rabbit (Jello) to them and they are always so kind, caring and gentle with them. I CANNOT thank highlands enough for all they do and the care they give our babies."
    Michelle Jurich
  • "They take care of all of my animals and my family’s as well. Great people and awesome staff with convenient hours. I drive from Palm Bay down there when needed."
    Teresa Palmer
  • "My family has been coming to Highlands for over 20 years. They have saved my animals lives on multiple accounts. Very grateful for their caring and loving attitudes."
    Payge Johnson
  • "They are top of the line when it comes to compassion and understanding of your pets needs. Staff is amazing they have taken good care of our pups for over a few years. Highly recommend them"
    Alex Melo
  • "Best office ever. They will take care of your animal with the best of care. I wouldn’t trust any other vet. I drive 2 hours just to have my guy seen here. I love this place."
    Beatriz Berrios